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Skeleton

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Skeleton acts as a supporting structure of an organism. The organisms with skeleton are known as vertebrates and without skeleton are known as invertebrates. There are different types of skeleton; they are exoskeleton, endoskeleton, cytoskeleton, hydro skeleton, pliant skeleton and rigid skeleton. Mostly at the age of 21, the bone masses of the skeleton reaches its maximum density. The primary function of skeleton is to support, movement, protection, production of blood cells, storage of minerals, and endocrine regulation.

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Predictive Factors for Functional Outcome after Conservative Treatment of Midshaft Clavicular Fractures: A Retrospective Cohort Study

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The aim of this study is to identify factors based on radiological characteristics and nature of presenting history, that are predictive in functional outcome at two to nine years follow-up, in patients that were treated conservatively after a midshaft clavicle fracture. There was a significant decrease of 4.3 in DASH scores between the mid-term and long-term follow-up of patients with complete angulation of their fracture (p=0.041) and of 2.6 in DASH of patients who were not involved in a high energetic trauma (p=0.031). With regard to completely angulated clavicular fractures and noninvolvement in a HET, an increase of functional outcome is to be expected from mid- to long-term.

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Stem cells Edited to fight arthritis

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The main goal is creating vaccine that targets the inflammation in joints. Using new gene-editing technology, researchers have rewired mouse stem cells to fight inflammation caused by arthritis and other chronic conditions. Such stem cells, known as SMART cells (Stem cells Modified for Autonomous Regenerative Therapy), develop into cartilage cells that produce a biologic anti-inflammatory drug that, ideally, will replace arthritic cartilage and simultaneously protect joints and other tissues from damage that occurs with chronic inflammation.

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Orthopedic Disorders

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Orthopedics is mainly concerned with Muscles, Ligaments and Joints. Any kind of disorders to these areas is referred as orthopedic disorders and injuries. They can be congenital, developmental or acquired, including those of infectious, neuromuscular, nutritional, neoplastic and psychogenic origin. Some of the more common disorders include those of the: Neck, Foot, Toes, Leg, Spine, Shoulder and Elbow etc. Most commonly recorded disorders of orthopedics are Arthritis, Bursitis, Elbow pain and problems, Fibromyalgia, Fractures, foot and ankle problems and Osteoporosis.

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Bone Biology

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The branch that deals with the Bones is called as Bone Biology. The Vertebrate skeleton consists of a vital organ called Bone. It is made up of living tissues which helps in growth, remodeling and modeling.. Bones are of two types Woven and Lamellar Bones. They have their own Blood vessels and living cells that help in their self-growth and repair. Bone is also made up of Proteins, vitamins and Minerals. The primary function is to give structural support and to protect the vital organs of the body. The human body is made up of about 300 soft bones in the beginning, as the adolescence reached the soft bones are matured to hard bones by joining together and had made a count of about 206 bones in the adult skeleton. Some of the bone cells which helps in production, maintenance and modeling are Osteoblasts, Osteocytes and Osteoclasts. In Latin the bones are known as Os, so this study is also known as Osteology.

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