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Study of the Genetic Variability of Grapevine Cultivar #Liatiko (Vitis vinifera L.) using the Ampelographic Description and Molecular Method SSR

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Liatiko is considered one of the oldest grapevine cultivars, indigenous to the Cretan vineyard. Due to its very long cultivation in Crete, this variety exhibits great genetic variability as expressed through the different biotypes that have been detected in productive #vineyards…Read more https://www.scitechnol.com/peer-review/study-of-the-genetic-variability-of-grapevine-cultivar-liatiko-vitis-vinifera-l-using-the-ampelographic-description-and-molecular–P78Z.php?article_id=6472

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Development of Early Maturing #Linseed Genotypes Through Induced Mutatagenesis Suited for Cultivation in Rice

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Great work on substantial part of #rice fallows at the time of the  the #rabi (post rainy) season are left uncropped due to  limited availability of soil moisture. Late maturity is a major inconvenience to utilize the residual moisture after paddy harvest, where plants must mature within a much shorter growing season..Read more https://www.scitechnol.com/peer-review/development-of-early-maturing-linseed-genotypes-through-induced-mutatagenesis-suited-for-cultivation-in-rice-fallows-0hyB.php?article_id=6460

City to Grid (C2G): A Multidisciplinary Opportunity to Engineers Working on Industrial Electronics

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A new journal comes to life. The Journal of Industrial Electronics and Applications is open to a wide variety of topics and research lines. This editorial is meant to outline a possible multidisciplinary trajectory which provides different research opportunities to engineers working on Industrial Electronics topics. Cities are seen today, from the electric energy point of view, as a set of individual power loads with an unpredictable global behavior (lighting, HVAC, domestic loads and more), but because of several emerging technologies (EV, renewable energies, IoT), the increasing environmental sensitivity and the proposal of new services to citizens, this view of the city is changing drastically. The coordination of power loads to operate as a large single load, the unstoppable introduction of renewable energies in urban environments and the need for energy storage motivated by the rise of EVs are possible due to the growth of IoT. This allows cleverly coordination of every element in the city and therefore its transformation into a great power load, a great energy farm or a large energy storage system (IoE). The coordination of many small elements permits the operation as large modules. Just to mention a few of the technologies involved we can find: lighting engineering, energy storage, EV charging stations, renewable energy generators, wireless communications, control strategies for DC energy distribution, active urban furniture, grid interconnection strategies and many more. The generic denomination of C2G has been used to encompass all these different technologies. Diverse concepts and new ideas about C2G serve as the guiding thread to propose a work trajectory to this new journal. Like the Spanish poet, Antonio Machado, said: “Traveler, there is no path. Paths are made by walking”.

Primary Glaucoma and Long- Term Topical Application of 0.005% Latanoprost Effects on Intraocular Pressure in Uncontrollable used Multidrug Medications or Single used in Dogs

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Objective: To evaluate the effect of long-term topical application of 0.005% latanoprost on intraocular pressure (IOP) in dogs with primary glaucoma Animal studied: One hundred-and-five dogs with primary glaucoma. Procedure: Latanaprost was used and/or added to existing medications for a minimum of 2 months. The iridocorneal angle (ICA) was measured and graded as open, slightly narrow, narrow, or closed. Baseline IOP was established at the time of the decision to initiate latanoprost treatment. Dogs were classified as responders if the IOP decreased with treatment or as non-responders if there was no decrease in the IOP. Results: The IOP did not decrease in 14 dogs (13.3%), and decreased initially, but increased again over time in 45 dogs (42.9%).

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Smad7 as a Target for Immunomodulation Strategy in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

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Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic inflammatory pathologies of the gut, characterized by a relapsing-remitting course. Although IBD pathogenesis is not fully understood, epidemiological and experimental data suggest that multiple environmental factors can, in genetically predisposed individuals, trigger an excessive immune response directed against the antigens of the normal intestinal microflora, which eventually leads to the tissue damage. Defects in the physiological mechanisms/factors of counter-regulation contribute to amplify and sustain such a detrimental response. For instance, in inflamed tissue of IBD patients there is diminished activity of the immunesuppressive cytokine transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, due to elevated levels of Smad7, an intracellular inhibitor of TGF-β1 signaling.

Cholera bacteria stab and poison enemies at predictable rates

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Scientists intermingle two rival bacterial groups stained blue and red and watch as they phase separate by stabbing each other. Before separation, they appear as a purple mass then concentrate into separate territories, where their red and blue colors become visible. The enemies were thrown together, so the killing began.

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Arsenic Induced Changes in Growth and Physiology of Maize (Zea mays L.) Seedlings and its Possible Amelioration Using Phosphate

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The response of maize (Zea mays L.) to different levels of arsenate with or without phosphate was investigated. Arsenic exposure significantly hampered the growth of maize seedlings showing reductions in root and shoot lengths together with reductions in fresh and dry weight. The level of total chlorophyll, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids decreased in arsenic treated seedlings. Arsenic toxicity was associated with an increase in the activities of the anti-oxidative scavenging enzymes catalase and peroxidase. Arsenic restricted the concentration of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) and soluble protein content in maize seedlings.

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