CDC Issues Guidance for #Infants Born to Mothers with Possible #Zika Infection

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Despite the fact that Zika virus cases are down compared with this time last year, cases continue to spring up in other countries across the world and in the United States, which serves as a reminder: Zika is still a big public health threat, especially to pregnant women and their unborn children.

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Nutritional Properties and Organoleptic Properties of Amorphophallus Paeonifolius Flour Supplemented Cake

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The present study was done to assess the organoleptic acceptability, physical characteristics, nutritional composition of value added cake developed from Amorphophallus paeoniifolius flour. The colour, appearance, aroma, texture, taste and overall acceptability score of cake supplemented with 30 per cent Amorphophallus paeoniifolius flour was the highest. The respective values were 8.80, 8.90, 8.80, 8.90, 8.90 and 8.86. There was significant difference in all the characteristics of all types of cakes. There was a significant difference between cake volume, cell, texture and total score of all types of cake and non-significant difference between grain, colour and flavour of all types of cakes. The total score of cake supplemented with 50 per cent Amorphophallus paeoniifolius flour was highest (98) followed by 40, 30, 20, 10 per cent and control. The energy, carbohydrate, fibre, calcium and iron value of cake supplemented with 50 per cent elephant foot yam flour was the highest and respective values were 564 kcal/100g, 51.49 g/100g, 0.73 g/100g, 94.27 mg/100g and 5.64 mg/100g , followed by 40, 30, 20, 10 per cent and control. Protein and fat values of cake supplemented with elephant foot yam flour were highest in control (4.55 g/100 g and 33.82 g/100 g) followed by 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 per cent, respectively Read more https://www.scitechnol.com/peer-review/nutritional-properties-and-organoleptic-properties-of-amorphophallus-paeonifolius-flour-supplemented-cake-4QxD.php?article_id=6414


Study of the Genetic Variability of #Grapevine Cultivar Liatiko (Vitis vinifera L.) using the Ampelographic Description and Molecular Method SSR

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Liatiko is considered one of the oldest #grapevine cultivars, indigenous to the Cretan vineyard. Due to its very long cultivation in Crete, this variety exhibits great genetic variability as expressed through the different biotypes that have been detected in productive vineyards. The aim of the present study was to investigate six biotypes of grapevine cultivar Liatiko as well as of two grapevine cultivars (Mavroliatis and Diminitis) that are considered as being related to Liatiko, with the use of the ampelographic description and the molecular method SSR. For the ampelographic description, 53 ampelographic characters were used and measured following a list of descriptors developed by the International Organization of Vine and Wine, while for the SSR molecular analysis, a total of seven microsatellites primers were used. From the data analysis, the degree of genetic distances was estimated and the corresponding dendrograms were generated. The results showed that: a) all biotypes of grapevine cultivar Liatiko that were studied shared a very high degree of genetic similarity, suggesting that they constitute clones that originated from an initial variety through the accumulation of mutations, b) there was an almost equal high degree of genetic similarity between the biotypes of grapevine cultivar Liatiko and grapevine cultivar Diminitis, c) grapevine cultivar Mavroliatis is different from all the biotypes of grapevine cultivar Liatiko and grapevine cultivar Diminitis. The results of the current study could constitute the genetic basis for the implementation of clonal selection and the exploitation of the more suitable biotypesclones of grapevine cultivar Liatiko regarding the quality characters of the berries and the wines produced, as well as their cultivation adaptation and suitability (resistance to water stress, diseases, pests etc.) to the new conditions that will be shaped in the next few decades in view of climate change.

Read more https://www.scitechnol.com/peer-review/study-of-the-genetic-variability-of-grapevine-cultivar-liatiko-vitis-vinifera-l-using-the-ampelographic-description-and-molecular–P78Z.php?article_id=6472

Spectrum of CFTR Mutations in the Algerian Population: Molecular and Computational Analysis

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Little has been reported on the occurrence of cystic fibrosis in Algerian population. In order to contribute to the few existing data we undertook this study. The aim was in first instance to detect genetics alteration in the CFTR gene of 21 CF Algerian patients by sequencing. 14 different mutations were detected one of them
has never been described. Among these mutations the c.680T>G (L227R) which seems to be specific to the Algerian population, it was in silico studied to determine its impact at a molecular level.

For more: https://www.scitechnol.com/peer-review/spectrum-of-cftr-mutations-in-the-algerian-population-molecular-and-computational-analysis-mN5B.php?article_id=4698

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Age to End Dreadful Diseases (HIV, Malaria, TB, Cancer and More): A Theory of Intact or Protected Complement (IPC) Immunity

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After enormous efforts to fight for a successful HIV vaccine, the movement ended with frustration. While people are celebrating the victories of disease prophylaxis and healthy improvement, millions of them are still struggling on numerous unsettled dreadful illnesses, i.e., HIV, malaria, TB, cancer and autoimmune disorders. A theory of Intact or Protected Complement (IPC) immunity proposed in this review is to focus on hijacked complement system, the powerful leverage weapon restrained by many pathogens or cancer cells. The theory is to stimulate more investigations to discover the key block in continuous achievement in successful vaccine development and immune therapy.

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Submit your manuscript at https://goo.gl/3IDTHtn-HIV-628x314

Synthesis of citramalic acid from glycerol by metabolically engineered Escherichia coli

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Content: Citramalic acid (citramalate) serves as a five-carbon precursor for the chemical synthesis of methacrylic acid. We compared citramalate and acetate accumulation from glycerol using Escherichia coli strains expressing a modified citramalate synthase gene cimA from Methanococcus jannaschii. These studies revealed that gltA coding citrate synthase, leuC coding 3-isopropylmalate dehydratase, and acetate pathway genes play important roles in elevating citramalate and minimizing acetate formation. Controlled 1.0 L batch experiments confirmed that deletions in all three acetate-production genes (poxB, ackA, and pta) were necessary to reduce acetate formation to less than 1 g/L during citramalate production from 30 g/L glycerol. Fed-batch processes using MEC568/pZE12-cimA (gltA leuC ackA-pta poxB) generated over 31 g/L citramalate and less than 2 g/L acetate from either purified or crude glycerol at yields exceeding 0.50 g citramalate/g glycerol in 132 h. These results hold promise for the viable formation of citramalate from unrefined glycerol.

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AMPD1 the Gene for Recovery

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Genetics play a major role in every aspect of our lives; they determine our hair colour, eye colour, height, disease risks, gifts and some of our mannerisms. As such they also play a large function in our response to exercise and physical stressors. It appears that those with at least one T variant in AMPD1 (rs17602729) require longer rest periods between bouts of weight training, require longer between sessions and have increased perceived pain post training.

Read more https://www.scitechnol.com/peer-review/resistance-training-recovery-and-genetics-ampd1-the-gene-for-recovery-acCT.php?article_id=5980

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