Agri Food Aqua Vet

Effects of Exogenous Spermidine on Cell Wall Composition and Carbohydrate Metabolism of Marsilea Plants under Cadmium Stress

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In an experiment to detect the cellular changes of carbohydrate content and its related enzymatic activities, a study was undertaken with Marsilea minuta L., an aquatic fern species in simulated condition of cadmium (Cd) toxicity. From the varying doses of Cd (0, 50, 100 and 200 μM) and supplemented with spermidine (2 mM), it revealed that plants were suffered from accumulation of total carbohydrate in a dose-dependent manner under Cd stress. Maximum depletion of carbohydrate content was 58% with respect to control which was retrieved by 1.42 fold with spermidine application. In a similar manner, plants were also affected with starch, total reducing sugar content by 42% and 63.04% respectively over the control. The fall in both starch and total reducing sugar were retrieved by plants by 1.32 fold and 1.52 fold, respectively.

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Arsenic Induced Changes in Growth and Physiology of Maize (Zea mays L.) Seedlings and its Possible Amelioration Using Phosphate

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The response of maize (Zea mays L.) to different levels of arsenate with or without phosphate was investigated. Arsenic exposure significantly hampered the growth of maize seedlings showing reductions in root and shoot lengths together with reductions in fresh and dry weight. The level of total chlorophyll, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids decreased in arsenic treated seedlings. Arsenic toxicity was associated with an increase in the activities of the anti-oxidative scavenging enzymes catalase and peroxidase. Arsenic restricted the concentration of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) and soluble protein content in maize seedlings.

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Poisoning of Cattle Feeding on Allium ampeloprasum

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Ten days after ingesting a large quantity of Allium ampeloprasum (kurrat), 10 one-year-old calves and 2 eight-year-old cows in a group of cattle were referred for voiding dark-red urine, generalized jaundice, anemic or icteric mucous membranes, lack of appetite, and lethargy. Hematologically, Heinz bodies – hemolytic anemia, polychromasia, anisocytosis and leukocytosis were detected.

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Primary Glaucoma and Long- Term Topical Application of 0.005% Latanoprost Effects on Intraocular Pressure in Uncontrollable used Multidrug Medications or Single used in Dogs

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To evaluate the effect of long-term topical application of 0.005% latanoprost on intraocular pressure (IOP) in dogs with primary glaucoma Animal studied: One hundred-and-five dogs with primary glaucoma. Procedure: Latanaprost was used and/or added to existing medications for a minimum of 2 months.

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Ants Control the Waste Management of Food Resources in Tropical Rain Forests

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A recent study has found that more than half of the food resources from the floor tropical rain forests were moved by ants and the rest of waste is managed by the all other animals. According to researchers, ants play an important role in maintaining a clean and hygienic environment. Waste that ants are seeds, vegetables, leaves, and dead bodies.

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Picky Eating and the Associated Nutritional Consequences

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Picky #eating is a general term to identify individuals who have powerful #food preferences, a limited food intake, a restricted consumption of vegetables and who are averse to try new foods. The epidemiology of picky eating is challenging to account for, because there is no universally approved definition. However in 2015, a study conducted in the Netherlands involving 4,018 individuals revealed the prevalence of picky eating was 26.5% at 18 months old, 27.6% at 3 years old, and it has been decreased to 13.2% at 6 years old. The concluding data of that study stated that picky eating is commonly a temporary behavioral trait that is normal in preschool children.

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Iodine Bio-fortification of Crops for Solving Iodine Deficiency Disorder Problem in Afghanistan

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#Iodine is a trace element that is fundamental for human health: its deficiency affects about two billion people worldwide. Iodine deficiency #disorders are one of the common preventable human health problems. Fruits and vegetables are usually poor sources of iodine; however, plants can accumulate iodine if it is either present or exogenously administered to the soil. The bio fortification of crops with iodine has therefore been proposed as a strategy for improving human nutrition. Producing iodine enriched crops through bio fortification could be an effective way to reduce the deficiency effects.

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Nutrition Journal. Peer Reviewed Journal, Open access journal, List of Nutrition Journal