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Using Technology to Enhance Self-Regulation of Eating Behavior

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The aim of the current study, derived from Goal Conflict and Duel Process theories, was to investigate if self-regulation in restrained eaters can be enhanced by strengthening the link between desired food stimuli and eating control goal. An iPhone app, employed to prime eating control goals, was utilized to improve eating self-regulation in restrained eaters. During a 7-day intervention, 20 restrained eaters had access to randomly activated, personalized eating control reminders on their iPhone. Self-regulation efficacy, eating behavior (unhealthy food serving sizes and loss of control over eating), and eating efficacy were assessed pre and post intervention. Results suggest that the reminder significantly improved self-regulation behavior (p<.05) and eating-efficacy beliefs (p<.05) in restrained eaters. However, no significant improvements were found for unhealthy food serving sizes and loss of control over eating behavior. Future studies should explore if self-regulation and eating-efficacy translate into decreased serving sizes and loss of eating control longer-term.

 

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Identification of Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus, Stephanurus dentatus and Trichuris suis in Native Pigs on Marajó Island

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Technification of pig farming in recent decades has led to a significant reduction in the occurrence of helminth parasitism. However, the production of pigs in free-range systems is still a common reality in rural areas of Brazil, such as Marajó Island, in the State of Pará, a Brazilian Amazonian biome. Therefore, the present work describes the main parasitological and anatomopathological findings of six pigs in a sample of 23, of different age groups, raised under free-range conditions on native pastures on Marajó Island.

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Nutritional Properties and Organoleptic Properties of Amorphophallus Paeonifolius Flour Supplemented Cake

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The present study was done to assess the organoleptic acceptability, physical characteristics, nutritional composition of value added cake developed from Amorphophallus paeoniifolius flour. The colour, appearance, aroma, texture, taste and overall acceptability score of cake supplemented with 30 per cent Amorphophallus paeoniifolius flour was the highest. The respective values were 8.80, 8.90, 8.80, 8.90, 8.90 and 8.86. There was significant difference in all the characteristics of all types of cakes. There was a significant difference between cake volume, cell, texture and total score of all types of cake and non-significant difference between grain, colour and flavour of all types of cakes. The total score of cake supplemented with 50 per cent Amorphophallus paeoniifolius flour was highest (98) followed by 40, 30, 20, 10 per cent and control. The energy, carbohydrate, fibre, calcium and iron value of cake supplemented with 50 per cent elephant foot yam flour was the highest and respective values were 564 kcal/100g, 51.49 g/100g, 0.73 g/100g, 94.27 mg/100g and 5.64 mg/100g , followed by 40, 30, 20, 10 per cent and control. Protein and fat values of cake supplemented with elephant foot yam flour were highest in control (4.55 g/100 g and 33.82 g/100 g) followed by 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 per cent, respectively Read more https://www.scitechnol.com/peer-review/nutritional-properties-and-organoleptic-properties-of-amorphophallus-paeonifolius-flour-supplemented-cake-4QxD.php?article_id=6414

 

Study of the Genetic Variability of #Grapevine Cultivar Liatiko (Vitis vinifera L.) using the Ampelographic Description and Molecular Method SSR

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Liatiko is considered one of the oldest #grapevine cultivars, indigenous to the Cretan vineyard. Due to its very long cultivation in Crete, this variety exhibits great genetic variability as expressed through the different biotypes that have been detected in productive vineyards. The aim of the present study was to investigate six biotypes of grapevine cultivar Liatiko as well as of two grapevine cultivars (Mavroliatis and Diminitis) that are considered as being related to Liatiko, with the use of the ampelographic description and the molecular method SSR. For the ampelographic description, 53 ampelographic characters were used and measured following a list of descriptors developed by the International Organization of Vine and Wine, while for the SSR molecular analysis, a total of seven microsatellites primers were used. From the data analysis, the degree of genetic distances was estimated and the corresponding dendrograms were generated. The results showed that: a) all biotypes of grapevine cultivar Liatiko that were studied shared a very high degree of genetic similarity, suggesting that they constitute clones that originated from an initial variety through the accumulation of mutations, b) there was an almost equal high degree of genetic similarity between the biotypes of grapevine cultivar Liatiko and grapevine cultivar Diminitis, c) grapevine cultivar Mavroliatis is different from all the biotypes of grapevine cultivar Liatiko and grapevine cultivar Diminitis. The results of the current study could constitute the genetic basis for the implementation of clonal selection and the exploitation of the more suitable biotypesclones of grapevine cultivar Liatiko regarding the quality characters of the berries and the wines produced, as well as their cultivation adaptation and suitability (resistance to water stress, diseases, pests etc.) to the new conditions that will be shaped in the next few decades in view of climate change.

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Evidence for #Bone Reversal Properties of a Calcium- Collagen Chelate, a Novel #Dietary Supplement

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Menopause drastically increases the risk of osteoporosis, and although drug therapies are available, having an efficacious dietary supplement as an adjuvant therapy or alternative is desirable. Recent findings suggest that a calcium-collagen chelate (CC) in the form of a dietary supplement is highly effective in improving bone mass in osteopenic rats. Therefore, we hypothesized that the consumption

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Short-Term Comparison of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy in Persistent Canine Hepatic Encephalopathy Before and After Treatment

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To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS) findings in dogs affected by persistent hepatic encephalopathy (HE) before and after treatment and assess any correlation between plasma ammonia levels and metabolite concentrations.

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Using an Infant Child Feeding Index to Assess Nutritional Status in Children under 5 Years Living in Rural Area

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Introduction: The complementary diet of young children breastfed constitutes one of the main determinants of their health in the developing world. The use of composite dietary indicators has long been used and described in the literature. In a context of food insecurity, these indicators could be used to improve the nutritional status of children. The main of this study is to study the use of a composite index of food, the Infant Child Feeding index (ICFI) comparing it with the food practices and modalities of anthropometric growth in children living in semi-arid Sahel rural country part in Senegal.